A risk is a potential for harm, discomfort or inconvenience (National Statement, page 15). It involves:
Researchers should do their own risk assessment when thinking about ethical clearance. This shall provide an indication of how long review of the application shall take. Please refer to the National Statement on Ethical Conduct in Human Research (2007) for more detail.
Low risk research describes research in which the only foreseeable risk is one of discomfort. Where the risk, even if unlikely, is more serious than discomfort, the research is not low risk.
High risk research is research which involves more than low risk. The following types of research will, in most circumstances, require review by the full Human Research Ethics Committee which includes all research that involves (National Statement, page 78) :