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BIO1103 Pathology Studies

Semester 1, 2012 External Toowoomba
Units : 1
Faculty or Section : Faculty of Sciences
School or Department : Biological & Physical Sciences
Version produced : 30 December 2013

Contents on this page


Examiner: Michael Kotiw
Moderator: John Dearnaley


The unifying theme of this course is the means by which the functionality of whole organs and organ systems within the human body can be assessed. It provides a basic understanding of the investigations that can be undertaken to evaluate the status of each system in health and disease.


This course provides the essential details of the methodology that can be used to investigate the functionality of major systems of the human body. The course provides the basis on which the health status of the human body can be determined. The basis for undertaking biochemical, haematological and histological investigations will be explored at an introductory level.


On successful completion of this course students will be able to:

  1. demonstrate an understanding of the normal functioning of the human body in terms of biochemical, haematological and cellular parameters;
  2. demonstrate an understanding of the indicators of abnormal functioning of the human body in terms of biochemical, haematological and cellular parameters;
  3. demonstrate an understanding of the ways in which biochemical, haematological and histological methods can be used to diagnose pathological states in the human body;
  4. demonstrate an understanding of the properties and functions of blood and other fluids which surround tissues cells;
  5. demonstrate an understanding of the homeostatic mechanisms in the body when biochemical, haematological and or cellular functions become disturbed;
  6. describe the laboratory based biochemical, haematological and histological methods and technologies that can used to determine normal and abnormal functionality of the human body.


Description Weighting(%)
Human body organization: An overview of organ systems of the body, their major components and function
Basic laboratory principles and calculations; collection and handling of patient specimens
3. Introduction to the major clinical biochemistry function tests and the
interpretation of these: Renal, liver, gastrointestinal and pancreatic function tests
4. Carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids associated with clinical biochemistry, and the study of these macromolecules in relation to abnormal levels and disease 12.00
Blood formation: The development of blood cells and plasma
6. The red blood cell: physiology and ontology, normal and abnormal values. Investigation & management of the anaemic patient. 4.00
7. Anaemias: macrocytic, normocytic, microcytic, haemolytic. 4.00
8. White blood cells: physiology and ontology, normal and abnormal Values. 4.00
9. Leukaemia: Definition and aetiology, classification, diagnosis and management 4.00
10. Malignant lymphomas: Definition, aetiology, classification, diagnosis and Management 4.00
11. Haemorrhagic diseases: normal status, range of vascular disorders 4.00
12. Blood groups and transfusions: blood groups and typing, blood transfusion
components, transfusion technology
Histological techniques for light microscopy
14. Histological techniques for electron microscopy 4.00
15. Cell structure & function 4.00
16. Cell cycle & replication 4.00
17. Histological examination of tissues 1: Epithelium & glands 4.00
18. Histological examination of tissues 2: Connective tissue 4.00
19. Histological examination of tissues 3: Muscle tissue 4.00
20. Histological examination of tissues 4: Nervous tissue 4.00

Text and materials required to be purchased or accessed

ALL textbooks and materials available to be purchased can be sourced from USQ's Online Bookshop (unless otherwise stated). (

Please contact us for alternative purchase options from USQ Bookshop. (

  • There are no texts or materials required for this course.

Reference materials

Reference materials are materials that, if accessed by students, may improve their knowledge and understanding of the material in the course and enrich their learning experience.
  • Kaplan LA & Pesce AJ 2010, Clinical Chemistry, 5th edn, Mosby.
  • Martin R. Howard and Peter J. Hamilton, Haematology, 3rd edn.
  • Maximilian L Buja, and Gerhard R F Krueger 2005, Netter's Illustrated Human Pathology, Elseiver.
  • Young, B, Lowe, J, Stevens, A & Heath, J 2006, Wheater’s Functional Histology. A Text and Colour Atlas, 5th edn, Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh.

Student workload requirements

Activity Hours
Examinations 2.00
Lectures 25.00
Private Study 125.00
Tutorials 13.00

Assessment details

Description Marks out of Wtg (%) Due Date Notes
QUIZZES 30 50 28 Feb 2012 (see note 1)
2 HR CLOSED EXAM 100 50 End S1 (see note 2)

  1. Examiner to advise the due date of quizzes.
  2. Examination dates will be available during the Semester. Please refer to the examination timetable when published.

Important assessment information

  1. Attendance requirements:
    It is the students' responsibility to attend and participate appropriately in all activities such as lectures and tutorials, scheduled for them, and to study all material provided to them or required to be accessed by them to maximise their chance of meeting the objectives of the course and to be informed of course-related activities and administration. To maximize their chances of satisfying the objectives of the practical component of the course, students should attend and actively participate in the laboratory sessions in the course.

  2. Requirements for students to complete each assessment item satisfactorily:
    To complete each of the assignments satisfactorily, students must obtain at least 50% of the marks available for each assignment. To complete the examination satisfactorily, students must obtain at least 50% of the marks available for the examination.

  3. Penalties for late submission of required work:
    If students submit assignments after the due date without (prior) approval of the examiner then a penalty of 5% of the total marks gained by the student for the assignment may apply for each working day late up to ten working days at which time a mark of zero may be recorded. No assignments will be accepted after model answers have been posted.

  4. Requirements for student to be awarded a passing grade in the course:
    To be assured of receiving a passing grade a student must achieve at least 50% of the total weighted marks available for the course.

  5. Method used to combine assessment results to attain final grade:
    The final grades for students will be assigned on the basis of the weighted aggregate of the marks (or grades) obtained for each of the summative assessment items in the course.

  6. Examination information:
    In a Closed Examination, candidates are allowed to bring only writing and drawing
    instruments into the examination.

  7. Examination period when Deferred/Supplementary examinations will be held:
    Any Deferred or Supplementary examinations for this course will be held in week two of Semester 2 of the current academic year.

  8. University Student Policies:
    Students should read the USQ policies: Definitions, Assessment and Student Academic Misconduct to avoid actions which might contravene University policies and practices. These policies can be found at

Assessment notes

  1. The due date for an assignment is the date by which a student must despatch the assignment to the USQ. The onus is on the student to provide proof of the despatch date, if requested by the Examiner. Students must retain a copy of each item submitted for assessment. This must be produced within five days if required by the Examiner.

  2. Students who, for medical, family/personal, or employment-related reasons, are unable to complete an assignment or to sit for an examination at the scheduled time may apply to defer an assessment in a course. Such a request must be accompanied by appropriate supporting documentation. One of the following temporary grades may be awarded IDS (Incomplete-Deferred Examination); IDM (Incomplete Deferred Make-up); IDB (Incomplete - Both Deferred Examination and Deferred Make-up).

  3. Harvard (AGPS) is the referencing system required in this course. Students should use Harvard (AGPS) style in their assignments to format details of the information sources they have cited in their work. The Harvard (AGPS) style to be used is defined by the USQ Library's referencing guide.