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BIO3108 Histopathology and Cytology 2

Semester 1, 2021 On-campus Toowoomba
Short Description: Histopathology and Cytology 2
Units : 1
Faculty or Section : Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences
School or Department : School of Health and Wellbeing
Student contribution band : Band 2
ASCED code : 060113 - Pathology
Grading basis : Graded
Version produced : 14 April 2021


Examiner: Leanne Dooley


Pre-requisite: BIO2216


This course expands the knowledge of human tissue and cell examination provided in BIO2216 Histopathology and Cytology 1. It is essential that laboratory professionals working in this discipline have an operational, in depth understanding of the principles and procedures involved in the collection, processing, screening, and interpretation of normal and abnormal cell and tissue specimens. An understanding of the normal and abnormal morphology of human tissues and cells in relationship to recognised disorders is vital to the diagnosis of a variety of human disease states. Familiarity with modern histological and cytological procedures as well as safe and ethical specimen handling are also critical components of this course.


This course builds upon the theoretical basis and practical skills of histology and cytology provided in BIO2216 Histopathology and Cytology 1. It explores in greater detail the pathogenesis of a range of human diseases associated with hyperplastic, neoplastic and malignant processes. Students will also gain opportunities to further develop their analytical skills as they will be presented with complex case studies that require high level interpretation and reporting capabilities. The course will also enable students to develop their knowledge in differential diagnosis of complex presentations, as well as become conversant with workplace health and safety issues, and other professional responsibilities associated with working in a pathology laboratory environment.

This course contains a mandatory residential school for both external and on-campus students.


On completion of this course students should be able to:

  1. Apply skills and knowledge to differentiate between normal and abnormal human cell and tissue structure in complex disease presentations;
  2. Perform basic and advanced histological, cytological and immunohistochemical procedures required for the microscopic examination of human tissue and cell specimens;
  3. Interpret and report on histological and cytological case studies and offer differential diagnoses;
  4. Employ safe work practices, ethical and other professional behaviours required when working in a clinical histology laboratory.


Description Weighting(%)
1. Principles and practices of the clinical histological and cytological investigation of current and emerging disease states 40.00
2. Current and emerging technologies in histological and cytological laboratory investigations, including advances in histological and cytology laboratory practice, analysis and interpretation 40.00
3. Histology and cytology laboratory safety practices, ethical conduct in healthcare workplaces and quality assurance. 20.00

Text and materials required to be purchased or accessed

ALL textbooks and materials available to be purchased can be sourced from USQ's Online Bookshop (unless otherwise stated). (

Please contact us for alternative purchase options from USQ Bookshop. (

Young B, Lowe J, Stevens A & Heath J 2014, Wheater’s Functional Histology. A Text and Colour Atlas, 6th edn, Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh.
Reference can be accessed on USQ library catalogue ‘ClinicalKey’.

Reference materials

Reference materials are materials that, if accessed by students, may improve their knowledge and understanding of the material in the course and enrich their learning experience.
Junqueira L 2018, Junquira's Basic Histology Text & Atlas, 15th edn, McGraw-Hill Medical, New York.
Kerr JB 2010, Functional Histology, 2nd edn, Mosby Elsevier.
Kumar V, Abbas A & Aster J 2017, Robbins Basic Pathology, 10th edn, Saunders/Elseiver, Philadelphia.
Kumar V, AK Abbas & N Fausto 2020, Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease, 10th edn, Elsevier Saunders.

Student workload expectations

Activity Hours
Assessments 40.00
Online Lectures 26.00
Online Tutorials 13.00
Private Study 62.00
Residential Schools 24.00

Assessment details

Description Marks out of Wtg (%) Due Date Notes
Laboratory Report 20 20 23 Feb 2021 (see note 1)
Assignment 20 20 30 Apr 2021 (see note 2)
Open Examination - Online 60 60 End S1 (see note 3)

  1. Examiner will advise due date for laboratory report.
  2. Examiner will provide assignment details.
  3. This will be an online exam. Students will be provided further instruction regarding the exam by their course examiner via StudyDesk. The examination date will be available via UConnect when the Alternate Assessment Schedule has been released.

Important assessment information

  1. Attendance requirements:
    Students must attend the mandatory residential school. The residential school delivers the practical component for the semester, students must attend and actively participate in the laboratory sessions in the course and maintain a satisfactory record of practical work. It is the students' responsibility to attend and participate appropriately in all activities (such as lectures, tutorials, laboratories and practical work) scheduled for them, and to study all material provided to them or required to be accessed by them to maximise their chance of meeting the objectives of the course and to be informed of course-related activities and administration.

  2. Requirements for students to complete each assessment item satisfactorily:
    To complete each assessment item satisfactorily, students must obtain at least 50% of the marks available for the laboratory report and assignment. To satisfactorily complete the exam a student must achieve at least 40% of the weighted mark.

  3. Penalties for late submission of required work:
    Students should refer to the Assessment Procedure (point 4.2.4).

  4. Requirements for student to be awarded a passing grade in the course:
    Due to COVID-19 the requirements for S1 2021 are:
    To be assured of receiving a passing grade a student must achieve at least 50% of the total weighted marks available for the course.

    Requirements after S1 2021:
    To be assured of receiving a passing grade a student must obtain at least 50% of the total weighted marks available for the course (i.e. the Primary Hurdle), must have satisfied the Secondary Hurdle (Supervised), i.e. the end of semester examination by achieving at least 40% of the marks available for that assessment item, and must have satisfied the Secondary Hurdle (Proficiency), i.e. the laboratory workbook assessment item by achieving at least 50% of the marks available for that assessment item.

  5. Method used to combine assessment results to attain final grade:
    The final grades for students will be assigned on the basis of the weighted aggregate of the marks (or grades) obtained for each of the summative assessment items in the course.

  6. Examination information:
    Due to COVID-19 the requirements for S1 2021 are:
    An Open Examination is one in which candidates may have access to any printed or written material and a calculator during the examination.

    Requirements after S1 2021:
    In a Closed Examination, candidates are allowed to bring only writing and drawing instruments into the examination.

  7. Examination period when Deferred/Supplementary examinations will be held:
    Normally Deferred and Supplementary Examinations are held in the next Examination period. In S1 2021 selected courses will pilot an early Deferred and Supplementary Examination period held within 30 business days of results release. The list of courses involved can be found at

  8. University Student Policies:
    Students should read the USQ policies: Definitions, Assessment and Student Academic Misconduct to avoid actions which might contravene University policies and practices. These policies can be found at

Assessment notes

  1. In order to attend laboratory classes, students must provide and wear appropriate personal protective equipment. This shall include a laboratory coat, closed in shoes, and safety glasses. Such equipment must be approved by supervising staff. Failure to provide and wear the appropriate safety equipment will result in students being excluded from classes.

  2. Harvard (AGPS) is the referencing system required in this course. Students should use Harvard (AGPS) style in their assignments to format details of the information sources they have cited in their work. The Harvard (AGPS) style to be used is defined by the USQ Library's referencing guide.

Other requirements

  1. The dates and location of the mandatory residential school are available from the Residential School Timetable ( On-campus students can follow the Class Timetables ( as a guide or enrolled students can refer to their student portal and navigate to Student Centre>Self Service>Timetables>My Weekly Schedule.

Date printed 14 April 2021