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CRI2222 Victimology in Context

Semester 2, 2021 Toowoomba On-campus
Short Description: Victimology in Context
Units : 1
Faculty or Section : Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts
School or Department : School of Law and Justice
Student contribution band : 2021 Grandfather Funding Cl 1
ASCED code : 099903 - Criminology
Grading basis : Graded


Examiner: Lauren Humby


Central to the definitions of both ‘crime’ and ‘victim’ is the concept of harm suffered. The recurrence of this concept indicates the centrality of victims in understanding crime and offending behaviour. The experience of victimisation, however, differs from one individual to the next depending on the unique vulnerabilities they present with and the context in which their victimisation occurs. Because the experience of victimisation is not consistent, it is therefore integral to ensure policy and practices that govern responses to victims are informed by risk factors known to place victims and potential victims in positions of greater vulnerability. Studies in victimology consider how victims are defined, theories and experiences of victimisation, and associated impacts, implications and responses. This course highlights the importance of these considerations by examining a range of specific victimisation types, the unique risk factors associated with each, well known cases which illustrate the theoretical propositions presented within theories of victimology, and the range of impacts and implications that transpire from differing victimisation experiences.


Victimology in context introduces students to the concept of victim and theories of victimisation that seek to provide explanations accounting for why some people are at greater risk of being victimised than others. Students will examine victimisation across varying contexts and in association with particular vulnerabilities, such as: gender, relationships, and domestic violence; age, child abuse, and elder abuse; race, hate, and racially motivated crime; disadvantage, human trafficking and slavery; and socio-demographics and bullying. Responses to victims are also examined with an emphasis on how the factors unique to each type of victimisation experience as well as the impacts of victimisation are a central consideration to developing appropriate responses to victims. Students will consider key cases illustrating various examples of victimisation and the representation of victims in both the media and the criminal justice system. Throughout this course and built into the assessment schedule, students will have the opportunity to develop communication, reflective evaluation and critical thinking skills.


On successful completion of this course students should be able to:

  1. describe key terms and concepts within victimology;
  2. apply theories of victimology to explain how victims are represented and understood;
  3. identify current limitations in responding to victims and develop ideas to address these limitations;
  4. identify and describe particular vulnerabilities unique to different victim types and explain the importance for these to be factored into the provision of services for victims;
  5. use effective communication techniques to develop transferrable skills that are relevant to professional contexts within the social sciences and practice.


Description Weighting(%)
1. Course introduction and overview of module topics 10.00
2. Understanding victims, victimisation and victimology 20.00
3. Victimology in Context 50.00
4. Representation of victims 10.00
5. Responses to victims 10.00

Text and Materials

ALL textbooks and materials available to be purchased can be sourced from USQ's Online Bookshop (unless otherwise stated). (

Please contact us for alternative purchase options from USQ Bookshop. (

Walklate, S 2018, Handbook of Victims and Victimology, 2nd edn, Routledge, London and New York.
(Please refer to the set reading list on the StudyDesk for this course.)

Reference Materials

Reference materials are materials that, if accessed by students, may improve their knowledge and understanding of the material in the course and enrich their learning experience.

Student Workload Expectations

Activity Hours
Assessments 100.00
Directed and Private Study 65.00

Assessment Details

Description Marks out of Wtg (%) Due Date Objectives Assessed Notes
Online Activity 15 15 29 Jul 2021 1,2
Assignment 1 - Part A 20 20 13 Aug 2021 1,2 (see note 1)
Assignment 1 - Part B 25 25 08 Oct 2021 1,2,3,4,5
Online Test 40 40 22 Oct 2021 1,2,3,4

  1. Feedback from Assignment 1 Part A will be provided to students in time and relevant for Assignment 1 Part B.

Important assessment information

  1. Attendance requirements:
    It is the students' responsibility to attend and participate appropriately in all activities scheduled for them, and to study all material provided to them or required to be accessed by them, to maximise their chance of meeting the objectives of the course and to be informed of course-related activities and administration.

  2. Requirements for students to complete each assessment item satisfactorily:
    To satisfactorily complete an individual assessment item a student must achieve at least 50% of the marks for that item.

  3. Penalties for late submission of required work:
    Students should refer to the Assessment Procedure (point 4.2.4)

  4. Requirements for student to be awarded a passing grade in the course:
    To be assured of receiving a passing grade a student must achieve at least 50% of the total weighted marks available for the course.

  5. Method used to combine assessment results to attain final grade:
    The final grades for students will be assigned on the basis of the aggregate of the weighted marks obtained for each of the summative items for the course.

  6. Examination information:
    There is no exam for this course.

  7. Examination period when Deferred/Supplementary examinations will be held:
    Deferred and Supplementary examinations will be held in accordance with the Assessment Procedure

  8. University Student Policies:
    Students should read the USQ policies: Definitions, Assessment and Student Academic Misconduct to avoid actions which might contravene University policies and practices. These policies can be found at

Assessment Notes

  1. Referencing in assignments must comply with the American Psychological Association (APA) referencing system. This system should be used by students to format details of the information sources they have cited in their work. The (APA) style to be used is defined by the USQ library’s referencing guide.

Date printed 8 November 2021