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PMC2110 Paramedicine Principles 1

Semester 1, 2021 On-campus Ipswich
Short Description: Paramedicine Principles 1
Units : 1
Faculty or Section : Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences
School or Department : School of Health and Wellbeing
Student contribution band : Band 2
ASCED code : 069905 - Paramedical Studies
Grading basis : Graded


Examiner: Anita Westwood


Pre-requisite: PMC1105 and PMC1000


Two of the most common medical conditions encountered by individuals are Cardiovascular and Respiratory diseases. Disorders associated with these two systems have a major impact on the morbidity and mortality of patients and as such a Paramedic is required to have strong foundation knowledge and skills. This course aims to provide further foundational knowledge for students to gain an understanding of the impact of cardiac and respiratory dysfunction on other human systems and individuals.


Cardiovascular and respiratory conditions are the most common medical emergencies managed by paramedics. Paramedic Principles 1 will focus on the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations and therapeutic management of patients with cardiovascular and respiratory conditions and emergencies by focusing on the epidemiology, pathophysiology and clinical manifestations of selected cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. This course will also develop the students' ability to acquire and critically appraise evidence and apply findings to paramedic practice.


On successful completion of this course students will be able to:

  1. Apply anatomical, physiological, pathological epidemiology concepts associated with the cardiovascular and respiratory systems to develop an understanding of relevant conditions and emergencies paramedics manage;
  2. Examine epidemiological and demographic factors associated with the cardiovascular and respiratory diseases in line with relevant paramedics emergencies;
  3. Demonstrate clinical reasoning in relation to managing cardiovascular and respiratory conditions and emergencies;
  4. Examine evidenced based approaches to the management of cardiovascular and respiratory conditions and emergencies
  5. Demonstrate appropriate communication techniques and skills in relation to managing individuals with cardiovascular and respiratory conditions in the pre hospital environment
  6. Examine the purpose of health promotion and primary health care in preventing cardiac and respiratory disease.


Description Weighting(%)
1. Cardiovascular diseases and associated conditions:
• Hypertension
• Lipid disorders
• Vascular disease
Heart failure
2. Thromboembolism
Acute Coronary Syndrome
3. Dysrhythmias 5.00
4. Pericardial/myocardial disease 10.00
5. Cardiac arrest 10.00
6. Respiratory diseases and associated conditions:
• Asthma
• Infections
7. Pleural disease
8. Other / Special conditions:
Cystic fibrosis
9. Environmental and occupational respiratory diseases 10.00

Text and materials required to be purchased or accessed

ALL textbooks and materials available to be purchased can be sourced from USQ's Online Bookshop (unless otherwise stated). (

Please contact us for alternative purchase options from USQ Bookshop. (

Australian Resuscitation Council Guidelines, Queensland Government. (2015). Queensland Ambulance Service Clinical Practice Guidelines.
Rosens, R.M et al., (2017) Rosen's Emergency Medicine concepts and clinical practice (9th Edition). Mosby Elsevier: Sydney (Available online in USQ Library).

Reference materials

Reference materials are materials that, if accessed by students, may improve their knowledge and understanding of the material in the course and enrich their learning experience.
Aaronson, P. I., Ward, J. P. T., & Connolly, M. J. (2020), The Cardiovascular System at a Glance, 5th edn, Wiley-Blackwell.
Bryant, B., Knights, K. (2019), Pharmacology for Health Professionals, 5th edn, Elsevier.
Dennis, M., Bowen, W. T., & Cho, L (2020), Mechanisms of Clinical Signs, 3rd edn, Elsevier, Sydney.
Garcia, T (2015), 12-Lead ECG: The Art of Interpretation, 2nd edn, Jones & Bartlett.
Kumar, V., Abbas, A. K., & Aster, J. C. (2018), Robbins Basic Pathology, 10th edn, Elsevier, Philadelphia.
Martini, F.H., Timmons, M. J., & Tallitsch, R. B (2017), Human Anatomy, 9th edn, Pearson.
Nixon, V. (2013), Professional practice in paramedic, emergency and urgent care, Wiley-Blackwell.
Sherwood, L. (2016), Human Physiology from Cells to Systems, 9th edn, Brooks/Cole.
Talley, N. J., & O’Connor, S. (2017), Talley and O'Connor's Clinical Examination, 8th edn, Elsevier.
(including DVD.)

Student workload expectations

Activity Hours
Assessments 35.00
Directed Study 40.00
Lectures 24.00
Private Study 54.00
Tutorials 12.00

Assessment details

Description Marks out of Wtg (%) Due Date Notes
Supervised Quiz 20 20 31 Mar 2021
Case Study 40 40 06 May 2021
Open Exam - Online 40 40 End S1 (see note 1)

  1. This will be an online exam. Students will be provided further instruction regarding the exam by their course examiner via StudyDesk. The examination date will be available via UConnect when the Alternate Assessment Schedule has been released.

Important assessment information

  1. Attendance requirements:
    It is the students' responsibility to attend and participate appropriately in all activities (such as lectures, tutorials, laboratories and practical work) scheduled for them, and to study all material provided to them or required to be accessed by them to maximise their chance of meeting the objectives of the course and to be informed of course-related activities and administration.

  2. Requirements for students to complete each assessment item satisfactorily:
    Due to COVID-19 the requirements for S1 2021 are:
    To satisfactorily complete an individual assessment item a student must achieve at least 50% of the marks for that item.

    Requirements after S1 2021:
    To satisfactorily complete an assessment item a student must achieve at least 50% of the marks for that item. Students do not have to satisfactorily complete each assessment item to be awarded a passing grade in this course. Refer to Statement 4 below for the requirements to receive a passing grade in this course.

  3. Penalties for late submission of required work:
    Students should refer to the Assessment Procedure (point 4.2.4)

  4. Requirements for student to be awarded a passing grade in the course:
    To be assured of receiving a passing grade a student must achieve at least 50% of the total weighted marks available for the course

  5. Method used to combine assessment results to attain final grade:
    The final grades for students will be assigned on the basis of the aggregate of the weighted marks obtained for each of the summative items for the course.

  6. Examination information:
    Due to COVID-19 the requirements for S1 2021 are:
    An Open Examination is one in which candidates may have access to any printed or written material and a calculator during the examination.

    Requirements after S1 2021:
    Candidates are allowed to bring only writing and drawing instruments into a closed examination.

  7. Examination period when Deferred/Supplementary examinations will be held:
    Normally Deferred and Supplementary Examinations are held in the next Examination period. In S1 2021 selected courses will pilot an early Deferred and Supplementary Examination period held within 30 business days of results release. The list of courses involved can be found at

  8. University Student Policies:
    Students should read the USQ policies: Definitions, Assessment and Student Academic Misconduct to avoid actions which might contravene University policies and practices. These policies can be found at

Assessment notes

  1. Students must familiarise themselves with the USQ Assessment Procedures (

  2. Referencing in Assignments must comply with the APA referencing style. This system should be used by students to format details of the information sources they have cited in their work. The Harvard (APGS) style to be used is defined by the USQ library’s referencing guide. These policies can be found at

Evaluation and benchmarking

In meeting the University’s aims to establish quality learning and teaching for all programs, this course monitors and ensures quality assurance and improvements in at least two ways. This course:
1. conforms to the USQ Policy on Evaluation of Teaching, Courses and Programs to ensure ongoing monitoring and systematic improvement.
2. forms part of the Bachelor of Paramedicine
o internal USQ accreditation/reaccreditation processes which include (i) stringent standards in the independent accreditation of its academic programs, (ii) close integration between business and academic planning, and (iii) regular and rigorous review.

Other requirements

  1. Computer, e-mail and Internet access:
    Students are required to have access to a personal computer, e-mail capabilities and Internet access to UConnect. Current details of computer requirements can be found at

  2. Students can expect that questions in assessment items in this course may draw upon knowledge and skills that they can reasonably be expected to have acquired before enrolling in this course. This includes knowledge contained in pre-requisite courses and appropriate communication, information literacy, analytical, critical thinking, problem solving or numeracy skills. Students who do not possess such knowledge and skills should not expect the same grades as those students who do possess them.

Date printed 18 June 2021