In this course, reading, writing and listening have been organised around skills that students need to develop at this level to cope with the academic language encountered in a university preparation course. Students perform a variety of tasks which require them to apply appropriate skills. Reading focuses on the process of reading, from previewing through to demonstrating a good understanding of the text. Writing also works through a process from brainstorming, organising ideas to writing first and final drafts. Speaking is designed to prepare students for more formal discussions and to equip them with higher level functional language such as checking understanding, expressing an opinion, making suggestions and complaints. Listening provides opportunities for the students to know when and how skills such as listening for specific information, listening for gist and listening for main ideas and supporting details can be applied. Self study at the Upper-Intermediate level aims at further developing students' ability to work independently of the teacher on individual language problems/needs. Students also have the opportunity to develop English language proficiency assessment response techniques and examination strategies suitable for IELTS.