|Faculty or Section :||Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences|
|School or Department :||School of Surveying & Built Environment|
|Student contribution band :||Band 2|
|Grading basis :||Graded|
|Version produced :||20 May 2022|
Throughout the centuries, people have sought a simple way of determining where they are on Earth, and where they are heading. Positioning and navigation have always been one of the most basic problems facing civilisation. Today GPS and other GNSS have provided us with the ability to know where we are and where we are heading. GNSS provides this worldwide navigation service by using a constellation of satellites orbiting the Earth. It is essential that surveyors, GIS specialists, and other casual users be familiar with the fundamentals of GNSS and that they have a sound understanding of its uses, and the accuracy achievable by different GNSS observation and reduction techniques.
The use of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) such as the Global Positioning System (GPS), for accurately determining positions on earth, has grown exponentially since the late 1980s and early 1990s. Today GNSS is firmly entrenched in the general operations of professional surveying and GIS organisations. This course presents fundamental information on structure, characteristics and use of GPS and other Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS). Background information is provided and the basic principles of using the GNSS systems are introduced. The course has a bias towards the code observable and the use of GNSS for asset mapping, but several sections dealing with higher accuracy measurement techniques make this course relevant to a wide range of students. Consequently, the information will be relevant to those seeking fundamental knowledge in areas of general GNSS surveying, agriculture, machine guidance, mapping and general data collection.