Peer Review

The process of Peer Review and reviewers play a central role in helping to validate research, establish methods by which it can be evaluated, and increase networking possibilities among researchers (Elsevier, 2016). There are many types of Peer Review, with the single blind review method being the most traditional and common method used for publication purposes. 

However, the University encourages research workers to actively engage with the Peer Review process via other methods also (e.g. the open review method) to foster expert scrutiny of a research project and maintenance of accurate, thorough and credible research reporting practices and high standards. The open review method of Peer Review is where the author and reviewer are known to each other, which some scholars believe is the best way to encourage open, honest reviewing (Elsevier, 2016).

On its own, Peer Review cannot ensure research integrity; however, Peer Review can typically assist in improving the quality of research.

The University is committed to maintaining the highest standard of integrity in research, as outlined in the Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research and the USQ Research Code of Conduct Policy. 

Record of Peer Review

Research workers have a responsibility to engage with the Peer Review process at the University, and particularly prior to the submission of applications for funding, ethical review, and publication.

For tips on undertaking academic Peer Review for journals see Professor Brian Lucey’s list of lessons learned as a journal editor.

A record of Peer Review is to include, but is not limited to:

  • anticipated title of the research project
  • acknowledgement of the anticipated benefits and risks of the research and whether these have been addressed
  • the research questions and/or hypotheses are appropriate
  • the research design and methods are appropriate to achieve the research aims
  • the research team and supervisors are appropriate qualified, competent and experienced.

Research workers are encouraged to use the USQ Peer Review Checklist (DOC 199KB) and submit a copy as requested. A copy should also be retained for their own record. The record of Peer Review engagement may also be informally captured through email or letters. 

Policy and procedure

USQ has developed policy and procedures that align with the Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research.