Identifying and responding to workplace bullying
The University of Southern Queensland is actively committed to protecting the rights of both students and employees to achieve their full potential in a safe and respectful environment and will take all reasonable steps and actions to ensure that employees and students are treated fairly and with dignity and respect whilst working or studying at the University.
Workplace bullying occurs where an individual or group of individuals repeatedly behaves unreasonably towards an employee or group of employees at work, and that behaviour creates a risk to health and safety.
The University has developed a range of useful information and FAQ's related to workplace bullying including:
- What is workplace bullying?
- Can a single incident be workplace bullying?
- What is NOT workplace bullying?
- How can workplace bullying occur?
- Who has roles and responsibilities in relation to managing and preventing workplace bullying at USQ?
- What can I do if I am experiencing or witnessing workplace bullying?
- What if a complaint of workplace bullying is made unjustly or maliciously?
- Where else can I get support?
Identifying a workplace harasser (or "bully")
A person who engages in aggressive behaviour intended to physically or psychologically hurt another person, is often referred to as a "bully":
- Bullies usually exploit the power attributed to their position, status or skills in the workplace and both men and women can be the victims as well as the perpetrators of bullying behaviour.
- People who bully often believe that what they are doing is legitimate behaviour under the circumstances. Some may believe that it is a requirement of their position or an expectation of their employer.
- Others bully because they are insecure about their work and fear that those who are skilled and good at their job may show them up.
- Sometimes bullies seek more power or hide their own shortcomings behind aggressive behaviour.
- Even when not openly identified or reported, bullies are usually known within an organisation and there is a general reluctance to work with that person or in that section.
People engaged in bullying may be unwittingly supported by management in their behaviour as they appear to have a firm hold on their staff and get results. However these results are often short-lived and the individuals being bullied soon find that the cost of compliance is too great. The result can be payments for worker's compensation, employees taking extended or regular personal leave, and a high turnover rate of staff in that section.
Identifying the behaviour
Workplace bullying is a repetitive behaviour, often designed to wear down the recipient who eventually feels hopeless, demeaned and inadequate.
- Some harassers instil significant fear in the people they target resulting in regular absences from work or study.
- Workplace harassers who have positional power over their victims are usually managers or people in authority who are willing to abuse this power.
- Harassers who use personal power over their victims rely on their influence or physical presence to bully those who are junior, equal or senior to them. This may occur in either direct or indirect ways.
Direct methods of bullying include belittling a person in a group, spreading malicious rumours or lies about them, taking credit for their ideas or excluding them from conversations or relevant information.
Indirect forms of bullying may be very subtle and involve behaviours such as blocking or negatively influencing projects, reducing the other person's opportunities to express opinions; judging others' work in an unjust manner; openly dismissing the opinions of other employees or publicly questioning the other person's sense of judgement. It can also include threats to destroy someone's career, academic or work related outcomes by constantly undervaluing their effort or criticising their work.
Effects of workplace bullying on employees and students
People who harass others through bullying behaviour are often successful at this method because their intimidation silences their victims through fear. It is an extremely difficult situation to address as many employees and students fear that the repercussions by making the situation public will make matters worse and not better.
In an academic situation, students fear that their work will be marked less favourably, that they may fail the course, or that they will be ostracized by their lecturer or supervisor so that they cannot get the help they need to pass the course. In other cases there is often a general fear that the victim will not be believed and no action will occur, leaving them worse off than before. Sometimes bullying can be hard to prove, however if not addressed at all, the problem is not likely to go away.
The resultant stress from withstanding the harassment can cause:
- Increased personal leave
- Changes to normal behaviour by victims
- Social withdrawal
- Changes to eating habits
- Alcohol or drug abuse or misuse
- Deterioration in normal work performance
- Depression and other mental health issues
- Fear of working in some situations or returning to work after an absence
- Increase turnover of employees
- Increased withdrawal of students from a course
- The need for compensation for stress related illnesses
Addressing workplace bullying
Employees and students are encouraged to report all instances of bullying behaviour, threats of violence and violent acts. By not addressing workplace harassment when and as it occurs, the problem cannot be resolved and other people may be subjected to conduct which may be unlawful and will not be tolerated by the University on any level.
All employees are encouraged to undertake communication, conflict resolution and/or management development training programs offered through the HR Learning and Development program.
Senior managers are asked to identify such behaviour amongst those that they supervise and provide them with an opportunity to change their behaviour through performance counselling.
Students are reminded that workplace bullying applies equally to situations where email, telephone or written responses are provided to other students or employees. Bullying behaviour occurring in on-line environments including the use of email groups, online discussion forums or to personal email addresses by individuals or by groups of students will not be tolerated by the University and may result in disciplinary action.
Flowcharts of the procedures for resolving complaints of workplace bullying ,and discrimination and harassment are available and are to be utilised in conjunction with the policies and procedures relating to these issues.
Information contained on this page can also be found in the Information sheet: Identifying and responding to workplace harassment (PDF* 258kb)
Other types of discrimination and harassment
If you have experienced or witnessed other forms of discrimination or harassment, more information is available on the University's policies, procedures and support mechanisms via the complaints framework.
Harassment and Diversity Contact Officers
Harassment and Diversity Contact Officers (HDCOs) are located in work areas across the University and are able to provide services and advice to employees and students on a wide range of equity issues.