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Reported Speech

Direct quotations

  • Direct quotations communicate the exact words used by someone else. 
  • You must be accurate when using a direct quotation. 
  • You must copy any mistakes or misprints. Use [sic] to indicate this: 

Jones (2010) reported that: ‘Scores of children were afected [sic] by the decision’.

  • You should check the relevant referencing style guide for example, APA or Harvard AGPS, to see how to punctuate direct quotations.