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Verb tenses in academic writing

Which tense to use in academic writing

  • You use the simple present tense in essays when:

stating your main points

giving an overview of your topic

giving the opinion of the writer you are referring to

  • You use the simple past tense to:

give the findings of past research

  • You use the present perfect tense :

to show that research in a certain area is still continuing. 

when you write a general statement about past research.

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